Diversification is a crucial concept behind Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT). It can reduce the risk of your investments and increase your potential returns.
Different types of assets perform differently in various economic times. That’s why it’s essential to diversify your portfolio by investing in multiple asset classes and within those asset classes by company size and by country.
It Can Help You Avoid Market Volatility
Putting too much of your money into one type of investment can be risky. When that investment experiences a significant downturn, it can significantly impact your portfolio’s overall returns.
For example, if you invest in all stocks of one company and the company loses its leadership, the store can plummet. This is why diversification is a vital part of investing.
It also helps you avoid market volatility. Because assets perform differently during different economic climates, diversification minimizes the risk that any single investment can significantly impact your overall portfolio returns. And that’s what experts like Investment advisor Frederick Baerenz do to build a strong portfolio.
Investors can diversify by varying their asset allocation across different categories, including asset classes (stocks, bonds, and cash alternatives), geographic regions, and sector diversification. Some investors also use target-date funds, which automatically manage your asset allocation and diversification for you. They do this by gradually shifting your investments from more volatile stocks to less risky bonds as you approach retirement.
It Can Help You Avoid Losing Too Much Money
The long-term performance of a well-diversified portfolio shows that diversification can mitigate your risk. Investing in a range of asset classes—including stocks, bonds, and short-term investments like money market funds or certificates of deposit—can help reduce the impact of a single loss or a sudden market decline.
Diversification also helps ensure you don’t have too many eggs in one basket. For example, if the CEO of a company you own a substantial amount of shares in is embroiled in a scandal, that stock could take a hit. But you may not feel the effect as much if you own 499 other stocks.
Your time horizon and risk tolerance can also play into diversification. For instance, if you’re investing for a distant goal such as retirement or college tuition, you can afford to take more risk since the ebb and flow of the market won’t be as significant. However, suppose you’re closer to your goal or planning to liquidate your portfolio for cash. In that case, you may consider diversifying into more conservative assets such as bonds and ask some expert advice from the Founder of AOG Wealth Management Fred Baerenz.
It Can Help You Increase Your Overall Returns
You’ve probably heard the adage, “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” Diversification is an investment strategy that’s based on that principle. If you invested all your money in a single stock and it fell, you would lose some or all of your investments. But if you invest in several stocks, your losses may be offset by those of the other stocks.
In addition, diversification allows you to enjoy higher overall returns over time. This is because different asset classes tend to perform well at different times. Having a diverse portfolio can help you benefit from this phenomenon by enjoying both steady gains and the startling jumps in performance that some assets can offer.
Diversification can be an intelligent way to minimize risk but can’t eliminate risk. Investors should determine their personal risk tolerance and then diversify accordingly. This may include evaluating the options available through workplace retirement plans such as 401(k)s and 403(b)s or researching mutual funds offered through online brokerage firms.
It Can Help You Stay Disciplined
The final benefit of diversification is that it can help you stay disciplined as an investor. By spreading your investments, you’re less likely to sell when stocks fall or buy when they rise. This can help you stick with your investing strategy and reach your long-term goals.
If you invested all your money in a single company’s stock and it plummeted, you could lose most or even all of your investment. This is why diversification is so important.
However, you need to understand that diversification isn’t a foolproof strategy. If you own too many shares of a company that goes bankrupt, your portfolio will be hurt regardless of how diversified it is. That’s why you should only invest a reasonable amount of your overall wealth in each stock or bond. The goal of diversification is to limit volatility, not to increase your returns. But, with proper planning and a disciplined approach to investing, such as dollar-cost averaging, you can achieve both.